The 100 most recently added links > ReNika Moore
Opinion: Biden must act to get racism out of automated decision-making
9 aug. 2021 - Despite Biden’s announced commitment to advancing racial justice, not a single appointee to the task force has focused experience on civil rights and liberties in the development and use of AI. That has to change. Artificial intelligence, invisible but pervasive, affects vast swaths of American society and will affect many more. Biden must ensure that racial equity is prioritized in AI development.
 · artificial-intelligence · black-struggle · education · facebook · racist-technology · redlining · united-states
Shirley Cards
8 nov. 2021 - Photographer Ibarionex Perello recalls how school picture day would go back in the 1970s at the Catholic school he attended in South Los Angeles. He recalls that kids would file into the school auditorium in matching uniforms. They’d sit on a stool, the photographer would snap a couple images, and that would be it. But when the pictures came back weeks later, Perello always noticed that the kids with lighter skin tones looked better — or at least more like themselves. Those with darker skin tones looked to be hidden in shadows. That experience stuck with him, but he didn’t realize why this was happening until later in his life.
 · algorithmic-bias · black-struggle · photography · podcasts · racist-technology
Xenophobic machines: Discrimination through unregulated use of algorithms in the Dutch childcare benefits scandal
25 oct. 2021 - Social security enforcement agencies worldwide are increasingly automating their processes in the hope of detecting fraud. The Netherlands is at the forefront of this development. The Dutch tax authorities adopted an algorithmic decision-making system to create risk profiles of individuals applying for childcare benefits in order to detect inaccurate and potentially fraudulent applications at an early stage. Nationality was one of the risk factors used by the tax authorities to assess the risk of inaccuracy and/or fraud in the applications submitted. This report illustrates how the use of individuals’ nationality resulted in discrimination as well as racial profiling.
 · algorithmic-bias · belastingdienst · black-struggle · fraud · netherlands · racist-technology > Naomi Appelman
Hoe tem je de Big Five?
13 oct. 2021 - De Big Five: Google, Amazon, Facebook, Apple en Microsoft. Deze vijf machtige digitale platformen beheersen onze levens met slimme algoritmes en aanhoudende monopolies. Maar we kunnen ook niet meer zonder: door een storing zaten we vorige week allemaal urenlang zonder Facebook, Whatsapp en Instagram. En dat betekende; paniek. Hoe tem je de Big Five?
 · facebook · racism-and-technology-center · twitter > Raziye Buse Çetin
Raziye Buse Çetin: 'The absence of marginalised people in AI policymaking'
11 mar. 2019 - Creating welcoming and safe spaces for racialised people in policymaking is essential for addressing AI harms. Since the beginning of my career as an AI policy researcher, I’ve witnessed many important instances where people of color were almost totally absent from AI policy conversations. I remember very well the feeling of discomfort I had experienced when I was stopped at the entrance of a launch event for a report on algorithmic bias. The person who was tasked with ushering people into the meeting room was convinced that I was not “in the right place”. Following a completely avoidable policing situation; I was in the room, but the room didn’t seem right to me. Although the topic was algorithmic bias and discrimination, I couldn’t spot one racialised person there — people who are most likely to experience algorithmic harm.
 · ai-ethics · algorithmic-bias · artificial-intelligence · black-struggle · eu · racist-technology · regulation > Nakeema Stefflbauer
Dr Nakeema Stefflbauer: ‘#defundbias in online hiring and listen to the people in Europe whom AI algorithms harm’
23 aug. 2021 - The first time I applied to work at a European company, my interviewer verbally grilled me about my ethnic origin. “Is your family from Egypt? Morocco? Are you Muslim?” asked a white Belgian man looking for a project manager. He was the CEO. My CV at the time was US-style, without a photograph, but with descriptions of research I had conducted at various Middle East and North African universities. I'd listed my nationality and my BA, MA, and PhD degrees, which confirmed my Ivy League graduate status several times over. “Are either of your parents Middle Eastern?” the CEO persisted.
 · algorithmic-bias · belgium · black-struggle · eu · racist-technology · recruitment > Hera Hussain
Hera Hussain: 'Decolonising digital rights'
23 aug. 2021 - For as long as I can remember, I’ve felt the duty of being that woman who sits in a meeting room in London, Geneva, New York, Berlin and Paris and talks about what digital rights mean for not just people of colour in Europe and North America, but across the rest of the world. Approximately 84% of the world’s poor live in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, and the digital divide remains steep but that’s only part of the story. These aren’t passive consumers of the web. They’re active prosumers. TikTok has been downloaded over 360 million times in South East Asia, a region of 658 million people. With social platforms, anyone with a phone can become a star, make money, connect with others, build a family of choice and acceptance, fall in love, and live a life they may not be allowed otherwise.
 · digital-rights · facebook · feminism · harassment · platforms · racist-technology · tiktok · trauma · youtube > Asha Allen
Asha Allen: 'The Brussels bubble: Advocating for the rights of marginalised women and girls in EU tech policy'
23 aug. 2021 - Since 2017, the issue of online violence against women and girls has increasingly crept up the EU political agenda. Thanks to the collective work of inspirational activists, I have the honour to work side-by-side with, making sure that the reality of the persistent harms racialised and marginalised women face is recognised as a marked win. This has not been without its challenges, particularly speaking as a young Black woman advocate in the Brussels political Bubble.
 · black-struggle · diversity · equality · eu · feminism · harassment · inclusion · intersectionality · platforms · racist-technology > Aina Abiodun
Aina Abiodun: ‘The cost of their enrichment is my continued oppression’
23 aug. 2021 - I was once such a passionate advocate of the web that I made it my business to preach the gospel to my then skeptical friends, that technology would deliver a democratized, equitable and creatively limitless future to us all. After all, it was for everyone. And it was free. And there were no rules.
 · advertising · beauty-ideal · black-struggle · feminism · harassment · racist-technology · social-media > Laurence Meyer
Nothing About Us, Without Us: Introducing Digital Rights for All
4 oct. 2021 - It is exciting, and it is just a beginning: on the 6 October 2021, the very first workshop of the Digital Rights for All programme will take place. It aims to promote meaningful, racial, social and economic justice initiatives to challenge discriminatory design, development, and use of technologies, through policy, advocacy, and strategic litigation efforts.
 · digital-rights · eu · racist-technology > Boris Škorić, Ingrid Romijn and Ronald Prins
Episode 31: Ingrid Romijn & Boris Škorić
16 sep. 2021 - Wat voor impact gaan quantum computers hebben op onze digitale samenleving? Kunnen quantum computers straks alle cryptografie kraken of loopt het niet zo'n vaart? En zou het kunnen dat een Chinese geheime dienst nu al een quantum computer in de kelder heeft staan? Ik praat er over met twee Cyberhelden: Ingrid Romijn van QuTech Delft en Boris Škorić van de TU Eindhoven.
 · cryptography · quantum-computing > Agathe Balayn and Seda Gürses
If AI is the problem, is debiasing the solution?
21 sep. 2021 - The development and deployment of artificial intelligence (AI) in all areas of public life have raised many concerns about the harmful consequences on society, in particular the impact on marginalised communities. EDRi's latest report "Beyond Debiasing: Regulating AI and its Inequalities", authored by Agathe Balayn and Dr. Seda Gürses,* argues that policymakers must tackle the root causes of the power imbalances caused by the pervasive use of AI systems. In promoting technical ‘debiasing’ as the main solution to AI driven structural inequality, we risk vastly underestimating the scale of the social, economic and political problems AI systems can inflict.
 · algorithmic-bias · equality · eu · human-rights · machine-learning · racist-technology · regulation > Ilyaz Nasrulla
We leven helaas nog steeds in een ­wereld waarin huidskleur een probleem is
23 sep. 2021 - Papa, mag ik die huidskleur?’ Verbaasd keek ik op van de kleurplaat die ik aan het inkleuren was, om mijn dochter te zien wijzen naar een stift met een perzikachtige kleur. Of misschien had die meer de kleur van een abrikoos. Afijn, de stift had in ieder geval niet háár huidskleur. Mijn dochter mag dan wel twee tinten lichter van kleur zijn dan ik, toch is zij overduidelijk bruin.
 · algorithmic-bias · black-struggle · facebook · google · racist-technology > Ella Jakubowska and Sarah Chander
Building a coalition for Digital Dignity
22 sep. 2021 - In 2020 EDRi started to build the ‘Digital Dignity Coalition’, a group of organisations and activists active at the EU level dedicated to upholding rights in digital spaces and resisting harmful uses of technology. We’ve been organising to understand and resist how technological practices differentiate, target and experiment on communities at the margins - this article sets out what we’ve done so far.
 · artificial-intelligence · black-struggle · dignity · eu · racist-technology > Jaap-Henk Hoepman
Privacy Myth 3 - I’ve Got Nothing To Hide
22 sep. 2021 - Nothing is more pervasive than the “If you’ve got nothing to hide, then what do you have to fear?” myth. A common response is to list things that people do want to hide and have every reason to hide. But such a response actually falls into the trap that this argument cleverly sets up: it subscribes to the frame that privacy is about hiding bad things. As Daniel Solove puts it: “The problem, in short, is not with finding an answer to the question […]. The problem is in the very question itself.” So what, then, is the problem with the question itself?
 · cryptography · messaging · nothing-to-hide · privacy > Max Chafkin
Book Excerpt: Peter Thiel’s Untold College Stories
20 sep. 2021 - Peter Thiel’s origin story. His ideology dominates Silicon Valley. It began to form when he was an angry young man. Here a book excerpt from “The Contrarian: Peter Thiel and Silicon Valley’s Pursuit of Power,” by Max Chafkin.
 · bullying · clearview-ai · conservatism · facebook · growth-hacking · homophobia · libertarianism · libra-diem · palantir · paypal · thielism · venture-capitalism > Jaap-Henk Hoepman
Privacy Myth 2 - You Have Zero Privacy Anyway—Get Over It
20 sep. 2021 - Technological developments impact our privacy. In the late nineteenth century cheaper, easier to operate camera’s combined with improvements in printing technology allowed newspapers containing pictures to be more widely circulated. Fearing that “what is whispered in the closet shall be proclaimed from the house-tops”, Warren and Brandeis formulated the right to be let alone. In 1999, Scott McNealy, then CEO of SUN Microsystems, famously proclaimed: “You have zero privacy anyway. Get over it.” Has a century of progress, especially in the area of information and communication technology, really killed privacy?
 · privacy · privacy-by-design · technology > Grace Ebert
Spectacular Winners of the 2021 Drone Photography Contest Capture a Bird’s-Eye View of the World
17 sep. 2021 - Following last year’s competition eclipsed by this serendipitous shot of a shark swimming in a heart-shaped school of fish, the 2021 Drone Photography Awards brings together a slew of aerial images framing the myriad patterns, textures, and colors found around the world. Norwegian photographer Terje Kolaas captured the winning composition, which joins a flock of thousands of pink-footed geese as they make their way to Svalbard. The shot is particularly interesting because the winged creatures are early on their journey to the snow-covered arctic region, a premature arrival that’s likely sparked by the changing climate.
 · aerial · birds · drones · nature · photography > Jaap-Henk Hoepman
Privacy Myth 1 - We Are Not Collecting Personal Data
17 sep. 2021 - Several years ago I parked my car into a car park. When collecting my car and driving out, I was surprised that I didn’t have to insert my parking token that I had just used to pay my parking fee. The barrier opened automatically, as if it magically knew I had paid. I quickly understood the ‘magic’ involved: there was a camera scanning the license plates of all cars entering and leaving the car park. The paper parking token I was given upon entry actually had the license plate of my car printed on it: that’s how my payment was linked to my car, and that’s how the barrier could tell I paid. Is the company responsible for maintaining the car park correct when it claims it is not collecting personal data?
 · data-protection · hashing · parking · privacy · privacy-by-design · pseudonimity > Peter Olsthoorn
Hoe Nederland een eiland in Europa wordt in covid-bestrijding met telecomdata | Strenge uitleg AP van herleiden tot identificeerbare gegevens
16 sep. 2021 - Als een van de weinige Europese landen gebruikte Nederland geen analyse van telefoondata om de pandemie te bestrijden. Te gevoelig, vond privacywaakhond Autoriteit Persoonsgegevens. Internationale telecomproviders als Vodafone en T-Mobile verstrekken louter in Nederland geen data meer. Waar zit de angel?
 · anonymity · autoriteit-persoonsgegevens · big-data · covid-19 · deanonymization · gdpr · location · mezuro · netherlands · t-mobile · telecoms · vodafone > Andrew Smart and Atoosa Kasirzadeh
The Use and Misuse of Counterfactuals in Ethical Machine Learning
17 sep. 2021 - The use of counterfactuals for considerations of algorithmic fairness and explainability is gaining prominence within the machine learning community and industry. This paper argues for more caution with the use of counterfactuals when the facts to be considered are social categories such as race or gender. We review a broad body of papers from philosophy and social sciences on social ontology and the semantics of counterfactuals, and we conclude that the counterfactual ap- proach in machine learning fairness and social explainability can require an incoherent theory of what social categories are. Our findings suggest that most often the social categories may not admit counterfactual manipulation, and hence may not appropriately satisfy the demands for evaluating the truth or falsity of counterfactuals. This is important because the wide- spread use of counterfactuals in machine learning can lead to misleading results when applied in high-stakes domains. Ac- cordingly, we argue that even though counterfactuals play an essential part in some causal inferences, their use for questions of algorithmic fairness and social explanations can create more problems than they resolve. Our positive result is a set of tenets about using counterfactuals for fairness and explanations in machine learning.
 · ai-ethics · counterfactuals · not-read > Aiko Pras, Arno Lodder, Bart Jacobs, Bernold Nieuwesteeg, Bibi van den Berg, Cees de Laat, Frederik Zuiderveen Borgesius, Herbert Bos, Lokke Moerel, Luca Allodi, Marten van Dijk, Michel van Eeten, Nele Mentens and Sandro Etalle
Ontsluiting van datalekken (open brief) | ACCSS
Iedereen kent het coronadashboard. Biomedische wetenschappers gebruiken het dashboard en de daaraan ten grondslag liggende research datasets dagelijks. Ze bestuderen onder andere de ernst van de pandemie, de effectiviteit van vaccins en de opkomst van nieuwe varianten. Het doel is niet alleen om de wetenschap te dienen, maar juist ook om met concrete oplossingen de pandemie te lijf te gaan.
 · data-breaches · netherlands · research
Resono brengt drukte in kaart
23 jun. 2021 - Resono kan op iedere locatie in Nederland inzicht verschaffen wanneer en hoeveel mensen een plek bezoeken. Dit doen zij zonder hardware te hoeven plaatsen op de locatie. Hoe het werkt? Met behulp van anonieme data van zo’n 2 miljoen telefoons. Met in het portfolio grote gemeentes als Rotterdam en Amsterdam en een retailer als Blokker is Resono naar eigen zeggen ‘een belachelijk klein bedrijf met belachelijk grote klanten’.
 · project-algoritme-register · resono > Manuel Aalbers and Peter Hendriks
Woningmarktdeskundige Manuel Aalbers: ‘De financiële sector verdient steeds meer geld aan de woningmarkt’
14 sep. 2021 - De woonprotesten van afgelopen weekend maakten weer eens duidelijk dat er veel mis is met de woningmarkt. Een van de problemen is dat woningen steeds meer een beleggingscategorie zijn geworden. Beleggers willen zo veel mogelijk geld verdienen met woningen en zijn niet bezig met de maatschappelijke gevolgen van hun beleid. De woningmarkt is gefinancialiseerd. Sociaal geograaf Manuel Aalbers legt uit wat de gevolgen daarvan zijn.
 · financing · housing · investing · netherlands > Ruben Mersch
Drie redenen waarom een derde coronaprik nu geen goed idee is
15 sep. 2021 - Farmaceutische bedrijven proberen een zogenoemd boostershot, een extra coronaprik, op de markt te krijgen. Dit omdat de vaccins na een tijdje minder bescherming zouden bieden. Maar: die afname is vooralsnog klein. Het bewijs dat zo’n booster helpt is dun. En waarom niet eerst alle niet-gevaccineerden ter wereld de kans geven een prik te halen?
 · covid-19 · ethics · vaccination > Leanne Wijnsma
Escape is a series of tunnels dug in the city. An action triggered by the paradox of freedom. Littered with choices, our society offers an apparent freedom. Video streamed on demand anytime, even the most bizarre questions answered via online search, products you weren’t yet aware of you needed recommended specifically for you. Escape is a response to this world in which everything seems possible, in which we are always connected, always available. The digging is a basic act to escape and to disconnect. The act itself is an important experience, digging the soil to find fundament and autonomy. Escape is an urge to do something really banal yet essential.
 · art · performance-art > Karin Spaink
Weiger je anderen te beschermen? Prima, maar dan verspeel je het recht om naar de kroeg te gaan
14 sep. 2021 - De voorgestelde coronapas schept een tweedeling ­tussen wie wel en wie niet is gevaccineerd, beweren critici. Dat is niet waar: een negatieve test volstaat, evenals een bewijs dat je antilichamen draagt en al een infectie hebt doorgemaakt. Ook zonder vaccin kun je dus gerust café in, café uit. Wel even een testje doen, en dat is gratis.
 · covid-19 · netherlands · vaccine-passports > Maxim Februari
Gezichtsherkenning is het einde van de argeloosheid
13 sep. 2021 - Om een thuisstudio te maken zet ik een huishoudtrap midden in mijn slaapkamer. Ik hang er kleden en beddengoed overheen, leg een kussen op de grond en ga daarop zitten. Dan spreek ik op een telefoon een tekst in die ik straks naar een literaire organisatie zal sturen. Dat moet, want ik ben een spoken word-essayist geworden. Ik schrijf niet meer. Ik striem. Ik zoem.
 · anonymity · biometrics · eu · facial-recognition · literature