The 100 most recently added links

www.tandfonline.com > Nikki Stevens and Os Keyes
Seeing infrastructure: race, facial recognition and the politics of data
26 mar. 2021 - Facial recognition technology (FRT) has been widely studied and criticized for its racialising impacts and its role in the overpolicing of minoritised communities. However, a key aspect of facial recognition technologies is the dataset of faces used for training and testing. In this article, we situate FRT as an infrastructural assemblage and focus on the history of four facial recognition datasets: the original dataset created by W.W. Bledsoe and his team at the Panoramic Research Institute in 1963; the FERET dataset collected by the Army Research Laboratory in 1995; MEDS-I (2009) and MEDS-II (2011), the datasets containing dead arrestees, curated by the MITRE Corporation; and the Diversity in Faces dataset, created in 2019 by IBM. Through these four exemplary datasets, we suggest that the politics of race in facial recognition are about far more than simply representation, raising questions about the potential side-effects and limitations of efforts to simply ‘de-bias’ data.
 · facial-recognition · not-read · racist-technology

medium.com > Alexander Todorov, Blaise Agüera y Arcas and Margaret Mitchell
Do algorithms reveal sexual orientation or just expose our stereotypes?
11 jan. 2018 - A study claiming that artificial intelligence can infer sexual orientation from facial images caused a media uproar in the Fall of 2017. The Economist featured this work on the cover of their September 9th magazine; on the other hand two major LGBTQ organizations, The Human Rights Campaign and GLAAD, immediately labeled it “junk science”. Michal Kosinski, who co-authored the study with fellow researcher Yilun Wang, initially expressed surprise, calling the critiques “knee-jerk” reactions. However, he then proceeded to make even bolder claims: that such AI algorithms will soon be able to measure the intelligence, political orientation, and criminal inclinations of people from their facial images alone.
 · artificial-intelligence · gay-rights · machine-learning · not-read

edri.org > Sarah Chander
This is the EU’s chance to stop racism in artificial intelligence
16 mar. 2021 - As the European Commission prepares its legislative proposal on artificial intelligence, human rights groups are watching closely for clear rules to limit discriminatory AI. In practice, this means a ban on biometric mass surveillance practices and red lines (legal limits) to stop harmful uses of AI-powered technologies.
 · artificial-intelligence · biometrics · black-struggle · eu · facial-recognition · human-rights · innovation · predictive-policing · racist-technology

www.nature.com > Michal Kosinsky
Facial recognition technology can expose political orientation from naturalistic facial images
11 jan. 2021 - Ubiquitous facial recognition technology can expose individuals’ political orientation, as faces of liberals and conservatives consistently differ. A facial recognition algorithm was applied to naturalistic images of 1,085,795 individuals to predict their political orientation by comparing their similarity to faces of liberal and conservative others. Political orientation was correctly classified in 72% of liberal–conservative face pairs, remarkably better than chance (50%), human accuracy (55%), or one afforded by a 100-item personality questionnaire (66%). Accuracy was similar across countries (the U.S., Canada, and the UK), environments (Facebook and dating websites), and when comparing faces across samples. Accuracy remained high (69%) even when controlling for age, gender, and ethnicity. Given the widespread use of facial recognition, our findings have critical implications for the protection of privacy and civil liberties.
 · artificial-intelligence · digital-phrenology · facial-recognition · politics

www.ftm.nl > Dennis Mijnheer and Siem Eikelenboom
Nederlandse bedrijven worstelen met de Oeigoerenkwestie
3 apr. 2021 - D66-Kamerlid Sjoerd Sjoerdsma staat op China’s zwarte lijst vanwege een motie die de behandeling van Oeigoeren als genocide bestempelt. Bijna tegelijkertijd krijgt H&M een Chinese boycot voor de kiezen, omdat de kledingfabrikant zich kritisch uitlaat over dwangarbeid in Chinese fabrieken. Dit zet ook het Nederlandse bedrijfsleven voor het blok: doen we nog zaken met Chinese fabrieken waar Oeigoeren werken? En hoe zit het met investeringen in Xinjiang?
 · china · netherlands · not-read · uyghur-struggle

www.ftm.nl > Daan Appels, Lucien Hordijk and Tim Robbe
De jeugdzorgadviseur van 1,5 miljard is het adviseren moe
2 apr. 2021 - Tim Robbe adviseerde honderden gemeenten over de inkoop en predikte jarenlang het evangelie van keuzevrijheid. Inmiddels zijn er duizenden zorgbedrijven bijgekomen en geeft bijna elke gemeente meer geld uit aan jeugdzorg dan er binnenkomt. Dat was niet wat consultant Robbe voor ogen had. ‘Ik vraag me steeds vaker af of ik niet ook maar een van de vele poppetjes ben die uit deze ruif eet, maar geen noemenswaardig verschil maakt.’
 · decentralization · freedom-of-choice · healthcare · netherlands · youth

decorrespondent.nl > Valentijn de Hingh
De Tweede Kamer wordt diverser en daar komt betere wetgeving van – mits alle politici hun werk kunnen doen
31 mar. 2021 - Dankzij voorkeursstemmen zitten er meer vrouwen en mensen van kleur in de nieuwe Tweede Kamer dan de afgelopen vier jaar. Maar die diversiteit heeft alleen effect wanneer de nieuwe parlementariërs minstens zo serieus worden genomen als hun witte, mannelijke collega’s. En daar is nog werk aan de winkel.
 · diversity · netherlands · nl-2020-elections · politics

www.spaink.net > Karin Spaink
Rutte is het oog van de orkaan
31 mar. 2021 - Een op de vijf Nederlandse gezinnen zit in de schulden. Vast werk voor jongeren is tegenwoordig eerder uitzondering dan regel. De dakloosheid is groot. De prijs van koopwoningen blijft maar stijgen, terwijl huurhuizen schaarser en duurder worden. We kunnen de mest niet meer kwijt. Dieren worden verminkt, gemaltraiteerd en dan opgedist. We stoten meer stikstof uit dan de ons omringende landen.
 · inequality · netherlands · politics

www.at5.nl > Martine Bakker
Bewoners willen 'time-out' voor alle bouwplannen in Noord
30 mar. 2021 - Bewoners uit Noord demonstreerden vandaag voor het stadhuis. Ze eisen ze een 'time-out op alle bouwplannen in hun stadsdeel, omdat ze vinden dat de gemeente hen passeert. Al jaren strijden ze om te investeren in hun oude huizen, en kampen met schimmel, tocht en loden leidingen. Terwijl tegenover hun straat luxe nieuwbouwprojecten verschijnen en hun groen verdwijnt. 
 · amsterdam · gentrification · verdedig-noord

decorrespondent.nl > Dimitri Tokmetzis and Maurits Martijn
De beste plannen voor een fundamenteel andere Tech – zonder Apple, Google en Facebook
30 mar. 2021 - Machtsmisbruik, privacyschendingen, belastingontwijking: de problemen van Big Tech zijn bekend. Amerika en Europa proberen de grote technologiebedrijven te temmen. Maar het kan ook anders. Wij verzamelden de beste plannen voor een fundamenteel andere tech – zónder Silicon Valley.
 · abolition · antitrust · big-tech · capitalism · co-ops · competition · data-commons · inequality · nationalization · public-infrastructure · regulation · silicon-valley · techlash

www.equaltimes.org > Tom Cassauwers
Can algorithmic registers solve automated bias?
24 mar. 2021 - In January 2021 the Dutch government collapsed because of a scandal that highlights the dangers of trying to administer essential governent services with artificial intelligence (AI). Between 2009 and 2019, in what has become known as the toeslagenaffaire (the benefits affair), around 26,000 parents were wrongly accused of committing childcare benefit fraud.
 · algorithmic-auditing · algorithmic-bias · algorithmic-registers · finland · fraud · gdpr · interdisciplinarity · netherlands · saidot · transparency

www.groene.nl > Allart van der Woude, Esther Chavannes, Gina Lafour, Karlijn Kuijpers, Marieke Rotman and Romy van der Burgh
Hoe de christelijke anti-abortuslobby stilletjes steeds meer voet aan de grond krijgt
10 mar. 2021 - Mars voor het Leven, Schreeuw om Leven, de ‘spijtpil’ – pro life is in Nederland springlevend. Christelijke partijen en organisaties boeken steeds meer succes in hun strijd tegen abortus. En daar maken ze, heel strategisch, niet te veel ophef over.
 · abortion · abortion-rights · christianity · netherlands · secularization

www.groene.nl > Abel Bormans, Evert de Vos, Ilja Scheifes, Karlijn Saris and Myrthe Meines
Hoe de praatprogramma’s de verkiezingsuitslag beïnvloedden
24 mar. 2021 - Drang om te scoren. Zoeken naar conflict. Op jacht naar hoge kijkcijfers. Talkshows als Jinek, Op1 en De Vooravond beïnvloedden de verkiezingsuitslag. Kunnen we onze democratie wel overlaten aan Margriet, Eva, Sven, Talitha, Humberto, Jort, Welmoed, Giovanca, Tijs, Carrie, Charles, Sophie, Hugo, Paul en Astrid?
 · media · netherlands · politics

digitalcommons.odu.edu > D. E. Wittkower
Principles of Anti-Discriminatory Design
1 may. 2016 - Technical design can produce exclusionary and even discriminatory effects for users. A lack of discriminatory intent is insufficient to avoid discriminatory design, since implicit assumptions about users rarely include all relevant user demographics, and in some cases, designing for all relevant users is actually impossible. To minimize discriminatory effects of technical design, an actively anti-discriminatory design perspective must be adopted. This article provides examples of discriminatory user exclusion, then defining exclusionary design in terms of disaffordances and dysaffordances. Once these definitions are in place, principles of anti-discriminatory design are advanced, drawing upon a method of phenomenological variation employed in the context of standpoint epistemology.
 · design · discrimination · epistemology · not-read

www.marketingjournal.org > Christian Sarkar and Daniel Erasmus
“Beyond Scenario Planning” – An Interview with Daniel Erasmus
23 mar. 2021 - Since 1996 Daniel Erasmus, as a leading futurist and thinker, has been conducting scenario planning processes on technology, governance, education and the environment for governmental, foundation, and corporate clients. Daniel is a founder and director of the Digital Thinking Network (DTN), providing scenario thinking and process transformation as well as expert systems that bring real-time analysis of media and public discourse to forward-looking organizations. Daniel has worked with clients that include Royal Dutch Shell, Schlumberger, Sanoma, Telenor, Vodafone, KONE, Nokia, Rabobank, the city Rotterdam, and the Dutch Ministries of Foreign Affairs, Economic Affairs, and Spatial Planning. In the public sector, the DTN’s transformation work includes the groundbreaking initiative to half Rotterdam’s CO2 emissions by 2025 and to transform Rotterdam into Europe’s leading intercultural city. He lead the Economic Development Board of Rotterdam’s creation of an International Advisory Board.
 · artificial-intelligence · electric-cars · futurism · innovation · planning · play · prediction · scenario-thinking · shell

blog.cryptographyengineering.com > Matthew Green
What’s in your browser (backup)?
25 mar. 2021 - It’s not every day that I wake up thinking about how people back up their web browsers. Mostly this is because I don’t feel the need to back up any aspect of my browsing. Some people lovingly maintain huge libraries of bookmarks and use fancy online services to organize them. I pay for one of those because I aspire to be that kind of person, but I’ve never been organized enough to use it.
 · apple · browsers · not-read · security

decorrespondent.nl > Dimitri Tokmetzis and Maurits Martijn
Technologiebedrijven vormen de basis van de samenleving. Door corona is dit een steeds groter probleem
24 mar. 2021 - De discussie over Big Tech gaat vaak over privacy, surveillance, desinformatie en machtsmisbruik. Dat zijn terechte zorgen. Maar hierdoor raakt buiten beeld dat Big Tech een nieuwe infrastructuur creëert waar de samenleving niet zonder kan.
 · antitrust · apple · democracy · facebook · google · infrastructural-power · monopolies · power

www.adl.org
Asian-Americans Experience Rise in Severe Online Hate and Harassment, ADL Survey Finds
24 mar. 2021 - Asian-Americans experienced the largest single rise in severe online hate and harassment year-over-year in comparison to other groups, with 17 percent having experienced sexual harassment, stalking, physical threats, swatting, doxing or sustained harassment this year compared to 11 percent last year, according to a survey released by ADL (the Anti-Defamation League). Fully half (50 percent) of Asian-American respondents who were harassed reported that the harassment was because of their race or ethnicity.
 · black-struggle · doxing · hate-speech · platforms · racist-technology · social-media · united-states

rms-open-letter.github.io
An open letter to remove Richard M. Stallman from all leadership positions
23 mar. 2021 - Richard M. Stallman, frequently known as RMS, has been a dangerous force in the free software community for a long time. He has shown himself to be misogynist, ableist, and transphobic, among other serious accusations of impropriety. These sorts of beliefs have no place in the free software, digital rights, and tech communities. With his recent reinstatement to the Board of Directors of the Free Software Foundation, we call for the entire Board of the FSF to step down and for RMS to be removed from all leadership positions.
 · free-software · harassment

www.vn.nl > Abdelkader Benali
Abdelkader Benali: 'De Marokkaan is de pakezel van het maatschappelijk onbehagen'
24 mar. 2021 - De discussie over Marokkanen kan prima zonder Marokkanen, zag Abdelkader Benali de laatste jaren. Alleen daarom al had hij de 4 mei-voordracht willen houden, waar hij vanaf zag vanwege ophef over zijn uitspraken over Joden in 2006. Al doet hij, zo zag hij later in, de maatschappij geen groter plezier dan met volmaakte stilte.
 · anti-semitism · black-struggle · essentialism · islam · islamophobia · moroccan-dutch · netherlands

sariazout.substack.com > Sari Azout
The rise of community-curated knowledge networks
10 nov. 2020 - We are living through the emergence of a new business category that doesn’t even have a name yet, but which I believe will become an important part of our digital lives: online communities at the intersection of content curation and knowledge management.
 · community · content · curation · information-architecture · information-overload · knowledge-management · knowledge-organization · substack · twitter