Tag: eu

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www.whowritestherules.online > Raziye Buse Çetin
Raziye Buse Çetin: 'The absence of marginalised people in AI policymaking'
11 mar. 2019 - Creating welcoming and safe spaces for racialised people in policymaking is essential for addressing AI harms. Since the beginning of my career as an AI policy researcher, I’ve witnessed many important instances where people of color were almost totally absent from AI policy conversations. I remember very well the feeling of discomfort I had experienced when I was stopped at the entrance of a launch event for a report on algorithmic bias. The person who was tasked with ushering people into the meeting room was convinced that I was not “in the right place”. Following a completely avoidable policing situation; I was in the room, but the room didn’t seem right to me. Although the topic was algorithmic bias and discrimination, I couldn’t spot one racialised person there — people who are most likely to experience algorithmic harm.
 · ai-ethics · algorithmic-bias · artificial-intelligence · black-struggle · eu · racist-technology · regulation

www.whowritestherules.online > Nakeema Stefflbauer
Dr Nakeema Stefflbauer: ‘#defundbias in online hiring and listen to the people in Europe whom AI algorithms harm’
23 aug. 2021 - The first time I applied to work at a European company, my interviewer verbally grilled me about my ethnic origin. “Is your family from Egypt? Morocco? Are you Muslim?” asked a white Belgian man looking for a project manager. He was the CEO. My CV at the time was US-style, without a photograph, but with descriptions of research I had conducted at various Middle East and North African universities. I'd listed my nationality and my BA, MA, and PhD degrees, which confirmed my Ivy League graduate status several times over. “Are either of your parents Middle Eastern?” the CEO persisted.
 · algorithmic-bias · belgium · black-struggle · eu · racist-technology · recruitment

www.whowritestherules.online > Asha Allen
Asha Allen: 'The Brussels bubble: Advocating for the rights of marginalised women and girls in EU tech policy'
23 aug. 2021 - Since 2017, the issue of online violence against women and girls has increasingly crept up the EU political agenda. Thanks to the collective work of inspirational activists, I have the honour to work side-by-side with, making sure that the reality of the persistent harms racialised and marginalised women face is recognised as a marked win. This has not been without its challenges, particularly speaking as a young Black woman advocate in the Brussels political Bubble.
 · black-struggle · diversity · equality · eu · feminism · harassment · inclusion · intersectionality · platforms · racist-technology

digitalfreedomfund.org > Laurence Meyer
Nothing About Us, Without Us: Introducing Digital Rights for All
4 oct. 2021 - It is exciting, and it is just a beginning: on the 6 October 2021, the very first workshop of the Digital Rights for All programme will take place. It aims to promote meaningful, racial, social and economic justice initiatives to challenge discriminatory design, development, and use of technologies, through policy, advocacy, and strategic litigation efforts.
 · digital-rights · eu · racist-technology

edri.org > Agathe Balayn and Seda Gürses
If AI is the problem, is debiasing the solution?
21 sep. 2021 - The development and deployment of artificial intelligence (AI) in all areas of public life have raised many concerns about the harmful consequences on society, in particular the impact on marginalised communities. EDRi's latest report "Beyond Debiasing: Regulating AI and its Inequalities", authored by Agathe Balayn and Dr. Seda Gürses,* argues that policymakers must tackle the root causes of the power imbalances caused by the pervasive use of AI systems. In promoting technical ‘debiasing’ as the main solution to AI driven structural inequality, we risk vastly underestimating the scale of the social, economic and political problems AI systems can inflict.
 · algorithmic-bias · equality · eu · human-rights · machine-learning · racist-technology · regulation

edri.org > Ella Jakubowska and Sarah Chander
Building a coalition for Digital Dignity
22 sep. 2021 - In 2020 EDRi started to build the ‘Digital Dignity Coalition’, a group of organisations and activists active at the EU level dedicated to upholding rights in digital spaces and resisting harmful uses of technology. We’ve been organising to understand and resist how technological practices differentiate, target and experiment on communities at the margins - this article sets out what we’ve done so far.
 · artificial-intelligence · black-struggle · dignity · eu · racist-technology

www.nrc.nl > Maxim Februari
Gezichtsherkenning is het einde van de argeloosheid
13 sep. 2021 - Om een thuisstudio te maken zet ik een huishoudtrap midden in mijn slaapkamer. Ik hang er kleden en beddengoed overheen, leg een kussen op de grond en ga daarop zitten. Dan spreek ik op een telefoon een tekst in die ik straks naar een literaire organisatie zal sturen. Dat moet, want ik ben een spoken word-essayist geworden. Ik schrijf niet meer. Ik striem. Ik zoem.
 · anonymity · biometrics · eu · facial-recognition · literature

www.ftm.nl > Olaf Geurts and Ties Keyzer
Shell fluisterde Nederlands standpunt in over gas uit Rusland
11 sep. 2021 - Met een uitgekiende lobby beïnvloedde Shell het Nederlandse standpunt over Nord Stream 2. De Tweede Kamer wilde dat Brussel de oplevering en exploitatie van de controversiële gaspijpleiding zou gaan controleren. In plaats daarvan diende het kabinet stilletjes de agenda van Shell, dat de controle juist zoveel mogelijk in handen wilde houden van zijn Russische zakenpartner Gazprom. Dit blijkt uit een reconstructie van The Investigative Desk.
 · eu · gazprom · lobbying · netherlands · not-read · shell

www.greens-efa.eu > Gwendoline Delbos-Corfield and Laurence Meyer
Reinforce rights, not racism: Why we must fight biometric mass surveillance in Europe
24 jun. 2021 - Gwendoline Delbos-Corfield MEP in conversation with Laurence Meyer, from the Digital Freedom Fund, about the dangers of the increasing use of biometric mass surveillance - both within the EU and outside it, as well as the impact it can have on the lives of people who are already being discriminated against.
 · biometrics · black-struggle · eu · facial-recognition · gay-rights · gender · homophobia · hungary · intersectionality · mass-surveillance · racist-technology · serbia · surveillance · wrongful-arrest

edri.org > Orsolya Reich and Thomas Lohninger
Five reasons to claim victory on the EU Digital COVID Certificate
8 jun. 2021 - On 8 June 2021, the European Parliament votes on the interinstitutional compromise text on the regulation(s) on the EU Digital COVID Certificate (EU DCC, also known as the Digital Green Certificate and the European Green Pass). The proposed legislation regulates the “framework for the issuance, verification and acceptance of interoperable certificates on vaccination, testing and recovery” with aim of facilitating free movement during the COVID-19 pandemic.
 · covid-19 · eu · privacy · surveillance · vaccine-passports

www.ftm.nl > Peter Teffer and Siem Eikelenboom
Keuringsclub boten kwam zonder toetsing in Chinese handen – welke sector volgt?
29 jun. 2021 - Nederlandse keuringsinstanties beschikken over alle technische bedrijfs- en productiegegevens van bedrijven waarvan zij de producten moeten certificeren. Die data zijn vertrouwelijk. Wat als zo’n instituut wordt overgenomen door een Chinees bedrijf? De regels blijken niet toereikend te zijn. Brancheorganisatie en deskundigen slaan alarm. ‘Europese bedrijven zijn kwetsbaar voor het weglekken van bedrijfsgeheimen en voor buitenlandse invloed op onze standaarden.’
 · china · eu · notified-bodies · oversight · standardization

www.groene.nl > Thomas Spijkerboer
Waarom migratiedeals met Turkije en Libië geen goed idee zijn
16 jun. 2021 - Wat de opvang van vluchtelingen en de financiering ervan betreft zijn rijke en arme landen afhankelijk van elkaar. Maar zolang Europa dat niet wil erkennen, hebben landen in de regio geen reden om Europa te vertrouwen. Zijn de migratiedeals wel zo’n goed idee?
 · denmark · eu · geopolitics · human-rights · israel · italy · kenia · lebanon · libya · migration · netherlands · refugees · rwanda · turkey

www.ftm.nl > Bart de Koning
Antiterreurregister kost ondernemers, kerken en goede doelen 100 miljoen
20 may. 2021 - In 2022 moeten 1,5 miljoen ondernemingen, stichtingen, kerken en goede doelen zich hebben ingeschreven in het nieuwe UBO-register. Doel is bestrijden van witwassen en terrorisme, maar critici vrezen massale privacyschending en datalekken. Zelfs de Belastingdienst twijfelt aan het nut. Deze EU-rompslomp kost ondernemers minimaal 100 miljoen.
 · anti-terrorism · chamber-of-commerce · data-protection · eu · fraud · function-creep · netherlands · taxation · ubo-registry

decorrespondent.nl > Bert Hubert and Maurits Martijn
Hoe kwetsbaar Europa is, leer je van een broodrooster
19 may. 2021 - Je kunt een broodrooster zien als een metafoor voor een van de belangrijkste ontwikkelingen van de laatste dertig jaar in Europa, zegt tech-expert Bert Hubert. Omdat alles wordt geoutsourcet, begrijpen bedrijven zelf niet meer wat ze maken. Dat gebeurde in de telecomsector: door jarenlange uitbesteding hebben internet- en telefoniebedrijven nauwelijks technologische kennis meer in huis. Dat maakt kwetsbaar.
 · 5g · eu · huawei · kpn · outsourcing · surveillance-capitalism · telecoms

www.eff.org > Bennett Cyphers, Hinako Sugiyama and Katitza Rodriguez
Japan’s Rikunabi Scandal Shows The Dangers of Privacy Law Loopholes
12 may. 2021 - Technology users around the world are increasingly concerned, and rightly so, about protecting their data. But many are unaware of exactly how their data is being collected and would be shocked to learn of the scope and implications of mass consumer data collection by technology companies. For example, many vendors use tracking technologies including cookies—a small piece of text that is stored in your browser that lets websites recognize your browser, see your browsing activity or IP address but not your name or address—to build expansive profiles about user behavior over time and across apps and sites. Such data can be used to infer, predict, or evaluate information about a user or group. User profiles may or may not be accurate, fair, or discriminatory, but can still be used to inform life-altering decisions about them.
 · consent · cookies · data-protection · eu · gdpr · japan · machine-learning · recruitment · tracking

op.europa.eu > Janneke Gerards and Raphaële Xenidis
Algorithmic discrimination in Europe : challenges and opportunities for gender equality and non-discrimination law.
10 mar. 2021 - This report investigates how algorithmic discrimination challenges the set of legal guarantees put in place in Europe to combat discrimination and ensure equal treatment. More specifically, it examines whether and how the current gender equality and non-discrimination legislative framework in place in the EU can adequately capture and redress algorithmic discrimination. It explores the gaps and weaknesses that emerge at both the EU and national levels from the interaction between, on the one hand, the specific types of discrimination that arise when algorithms are used in decision-making systems and, on the other, the particular material and personal scope of the existing legislative framework. This report also maps out the existing legal solutions, accompanying policy measures and good practice to address and redress algorithmic discrimination both at EU and national levels. Moreover, this report proposes its own integrated set of legal, knowledge-based and technological solutions to the problem of algorithmic discrimination.
 · algorithmic-bias · eu · feminism · not-read · racist-technology

frieschdagblad.nl > Pieter Anko de Vries
Ethische aspecten van de bescherming van de persoonlijke leefomgeving blijven buiten beeld bij discussie over coronapaspoort
24 apr. 2021 - Een (digitale) coronapas wordt door overheden en bedrijfsleven gezien als een belangrijke manier om het openbare leven weer op gang te brengen. Maar ethische aspecten van de bescherming van de persoonlijke leefomgeving blijven buiten beeld. Volgens privacybeschermingsorganisatie Bits of Freedom is dit de wereld op z’n kop: de vrijheid van burgers wordt aangetast.
 · covid-19 · ethics · eu · germany · netherlands · vaccine-passports

www.bitsoffreedom.nl > Lotte Houwing
Europees AI wetsvoorstel laat zien waarom wij vechten voor een verbod
22 apr. 2021 - In het wetsvoorstel van de Europese Commissie over kunstmatige intelligentie staat een gedeeltelijk verbod op biometrische surveillance in de openbare ruimte. Dat is een goed begin en laat zien dat ons werk zeker niet voor niets is. Maar er zitten nog te veel gaten in de wetgeving om van echte bescherming te kunnen spreken. Daarom gaan we door met de strijd voor een verbod op álle biometrische surveillance in de openbare ruimte.
 · biometrics · eu · identification · surveillance

euobserver.com > Fieke Jansen and Sarah Chander
Why EU needs to be wary that AI will increase racial profiling
19 apr. 2021 - This week the EU announces new regulations on artificial intelligence. It needs to set clear limits on the most harmful uses of AI, including predictive policing, biometric mass surveillance, and applications that exacerbate historic patterns of racist policing.
 · artificial-intelligence · black-struggle · eu · police · prediction · predictive-policing · racist-technology

www.groene.nl > Casper Thomas and Rutger van der Hoeven
Hoe de gezamenlijke Europese vaccinaankoop jammerlijk mislukte
14 apr. 2021 - Europa exporteerde de helft van zijn vaccins, terwijl de vaccinatiegraad op het continent ‘onacceptabel laag’ is. Naïviteit, verkeerde prioriteiten, risicomijding en gebrekkig politiek leiderschap droegen bij aan de Europese achterstand.
 · covid-19 · eu · germany · liability · prisoners-dilemma · risk · united-kingdom · united-states · vaccination

edri.org > Sarah Chander
This is the EU’s chance to stop racism in artificial intelligence
16 mar. 2021 - As the European Commission prepares its legislative proposal on artificial intelligence, human rights groups are watching closely for clear rules to limit discriminatory AI. In practice, this means a ban on biometric mass surveillance practices and red lines (legal limits) to stop harmful uses of AI-powered technologies.
 · artificial-intelligence · biometrics · black-struggle · eu · facial-recognition · human-rights · innovation · predictive-policing · racist-technology

www.euractiv.com > Sarah Chander
Technology has codified structural racism – will the EU tackle racist tech?
3 sep. 2020 - The EU is preparing its ‘Action Plan’ to address structural racism in Europe. With digital high on the EU’s legislative agenda, it’s time we tackle racism perpetuated by technology, writes Sarah Chander.
 · biometrics · black-struggle · digital-services-act · eu · facial-recognition · law-enforcement · predictive-policing · racist-technology · surveillance

www.volkskrant.nl > Huib Modderkolk
Gaat Europa WhatsApp en Signal onveiliger maken?
9 nov. 2020 - Groot alarm onder privacy-voorvechters en politici: de Europese Raad zou de versleuteling van chatdiensten zoals WhatsApp en Signal ongedaan willen maken. ‘Een heel slecht idee’, reageert D66-Kamerlid Kees Verhoeven. ‘Nederland moet tegen stemmen.’ De Raad zou opsporingsdiensten toegang willen geven tot de inhoud van chatberichten om zo misdaden op te sporen. Maar is dat ook zo?
 · crypto-wars · eu

decorrespondent.nl > Evgeny Morozov
Tegen dit verhaal over 5G kan geen samenzweringstheorie op
24 oct. 2020 - Amerika gaat de strijd aan met 5G-bouwer Huawei en andere Chinese technologiebedrijven. China’s antwoord: technologie bouwen die losstaat van de VS. En juist dat kan ervoor zorgen dat China technologisch veel geavanceerder en onafhankelijker uit deze handelsoorlog komt.
 · 5g · artificial-intelligence · china · de-americanization · dual-circulation · eu · export-controls · huawei · intellectual-property · nsa · patents · standardization · trade-wars · united-states

www.eff.org > Danny O'Brien
Orders from the Top: The EU’s Timetable for Dismantling End-to-End Encryption
6 oct. 2020 - The last few months have seen a steady stream of proposals, encouraged by the advocacy of the FBI and Department of Justice, to provide “lawful access” to end-to-end encrypted services in the United States. Now lobbying has moved from the U.S., where Congress has been largely paralyzed by the nation’s polarization problems, to the European Union—where advocates for anti-encryption laws hope to have a smoother ride. A series of leaked documents from the EU’s highest institutions show a blueprint for how they intend to make that happen, with the apparent intention of presenting anti-encryption law to the European Parliament within the next year.
 · client-side-scanning · crypto-wars · eu

thecorrespondent.com > Morgan Meaker
Coronavirus is putting Europe’s privacy protectors front and center – and they’re coming up short
1 oct. 2020 - Many European countries have introduced apps to keep tabs on citizens’ health during Covid-19 through tracking. But this sudden need to collect information – brought about by the pandemic – means that local data protection regulators aren’t prepared for the influx of data. To ensure our information is used accurately and for good reason, data protections need to be centralized and well-funded.
 · covid-19 · covid-19-apps · data-protection · eu · gdpr · surveillance

www.eff.org > Christoph Schmon
EFF Responds to EU Commission on the Digital Services Act: Put Users Back in Control
4 sep. 2020 - The European Union is currently preparing for a significant overhaul of its core platform regulation, the e-Commerce Directive. Earlier this year the European Commission, the EU’s executive, pledged to reshape Europe’s digital future and to propose an entire package of new rules, the Digital Services Act (DSA). The package is supposed to address the legal responsibilities of platforms regarding user content and include measures to keep users safe online. The Commission also announced a new standard for large platforms that act as gatekeepers in an attempt to create a fairer, and more competitive, market for online platforms in the EU.
 · eu · interoperability · liability · platforms

decorrespondent.nl > Ruben Mersch
De ongemakkelijkste rekensom ooit: wat mag een pil voor een extra levensjaar kosten?
27 jul. 2020 - Het lijkt zo’n open deur: aan een mensenleven zou geen prijskaartje moeten hangen. Maar de realiteit is dat overheden die medicijnen vergoeden geen onbeperkt budget hebben. Alleen door de waarde van een gewonnen levensjaar te bepalen kan je beoordelen of een geneesmiddel té duur is. Ik zocht uit hoe dit soort ongemakkelijke rekensommen in zijn werk gaan.
 · ema · eu · healthcare · pharmaceuticals · price-of-life · qalys