Tag: facial-recognition

70 links

www.bitsoffreedom.nl > Eva Krikken
Een digitaal hek om een voetbalstadion met een blauw likje verf
11 may. 2021 - Overheidsinstanties roepen ‘living labs’, ‘proeftuinen’, of ‘fieldlabs’ in het leven om innovaties en nieuwe ideeën in realistische setting te kunnen testen. Maar als we technologie in de openbare ruimte inzetten, is het belangrijk dat er voldoende aandacht wordt geschonken aan publieke waarden, grondrechten en andere wettelijke kaders.
 · amsterdam · ethics · ethicswashing · facial-recognition · netherlands · tada · tno

decorrespondent.nl > Dimitri Tokmetzis, Laís Martins and Morgan Meaker
De balans na een jaar coronatech: een paar privacyschandalen en vooral veel veiligheidstheater
26 apr. 2021 - Corona was voor veel landen een excuus om slimme drones, robots en warmtecamera’s van stal te halen. Maar wat heeft al die technologie opgeleverd? Wij verzamelden alle surveillancemaatregelen en zagen: veel ervan is voor de bühne, privacy komt soms in het geding en er zit nogal wat ongelijkheid in wie er in de gaten wordt gehouden.
 · apple · china · colombia · contact-tracing · covid-19 · covid-19-apps · drones · facial-recognition · google · india · inequality · privacy · proctoring · robots · singapore · south-korea · surveillance

www.tandfonline.com > Nikki Stevens and Os Keyes
Seeing infrastructure: race, facial recognition and the politics of data
26 mar. 2021 - Facial recognition technology (FRT) has been widely studied and criticized for its racialising impacts and its role in the overpolicing of minoritised communities. However, a key aspect of facial recognition technologies is the dataset of faces used for training and testing. In this article, we situate FRT as an infrastructural assemblage and focus on the history of four facial recognition datasets: the original dataset created by W.W. Bledsoe and his team at the Panoramic Research Institute in 1963; the FERET dataset collected by the Army Research Laboratory in 1995; MEDS-I (2009) and MEDS-II (2011), the datasets containing dead arrestees, curated by the MITRE Corporation; and the Diversity in Faces dataset, created in 2019 by IBM. Through these four exemplary datasets, we suggest that the politics of race in facial recognition are about far more than simply representation, raising questions about the potential side-effects and limitations of efforts to simply ‘de-bias’ data.
 · facial-recognition · not-read · racist-technology

edri.org > Sarah Chander
This is the EU’s chance to stop racism in artificial intelligence
16 mar. 2021 - As the European Commission prepares its legislative proposal on artificial intelligence, human rights groups are watching closely for clear rules to limit discriminatory AI. In practice, this means a ban on biometric mass surveillance practices and red lines (legal limits) to stop harmful uses of AI-powered technologies.
 · artificial-intelligence · biometrics · black-struggle · eu · facial-recognition · human-rights · innovation · predictive-policing · racist-technology

www.nature.com > Michal Kosinsky
Facial recognition technology can expose political orientation from naturalistic facial images
11 jan. 2021 - Ubiquitous facial recognition technology can expose individuals’ political orientation, as faces of liberals and conservatives consistently differ. A facial recognition algorithm was applied to naturalistic images of 1,085,795 individuals to predict their political orientation by comparing their similarity to faces of liberal and conservative others. Political orientation was correctly classified in 72% of liberal–conservative face pairs, remarkably better than chance (50%), human accuracy (55%), or one afforded by a 100-item personality questionnaire (66%). Accuracy was similar across countries (the U.S., Canada, and the UK), environments (Facebook and dating websites), and when comparing faces across samples. Accuracy remained high (69%) even when controlling for age, gender, and ethnicity. Given the widespread use of facial recognition, our findings have critical implications for the protection of privacy and civil liberties.
 · artificial-intelligence · digital-phrenology · facial-recognition · politics

www.nytimes.com > Kashmir Hill
What Happens When Our Faces Are Tracked Everywhere We Go?
18 mar. 2021 - When a secretive start-up scraped the internet to build a facial-recognition tool, it tested a legal and ethical limit — and blew the future of privacy in America wide open.
 · artificial-intelligence · child-abuse · clearview-ai · digital-phrenology · facial-recognition · findface · freedom-of-speech · law-enforcement · physiognomy · privacy · racist-technology · united-states

www.nu.nl > Stan Hulsen
Tienduizenden mensen mogelijk onterecht in gezichtendatabase van de politie
16 mar. 2021 - De politie gebruikt foto's van meer dan 1,3 miljoen personen voor gezichtsherkenning, maar heeft geen idee welke mensen terecht in de gezichtendatabase staan. Zo is dus ook niet bekend bij wie dat niet langer het geval is, bijvoorbeeld na een vrijspraak. Dat blijkt uit onderzoek van NU.nl. Deskundigen betwijfelen of gezichtsherkenning bij de politie daardoor nog geoorloofd is.
 · facial-recognition · netherlands · police

hybridpedagogy.org > Shea Swauger
Our Bodies Encoded: Algorithmic Test Proctoring in Higher Education
2 apr. 2020 - Cheating is not a technological problem, but a social and pedagogical problem. Technology is often blamed for creating the conditions in which cheating proliferates and is then offered as the solution to the problem it created; both claims are false.
 · algorithmic-bias · black-struggle · calls-for-papers · education · educational-surveillance · educational-technology · eugenic-gaze · eugenics · facial-recognition · feminism · gender · plagiarism · proctoring · proctorio · racist-technology · sexual-violence · solutionism · surveillance · trans-rights · turnitin

www.euractiv.com > Sarah Chander
Technology has codified structural racism – will the EU tackle racist tech?
3 sep. 2020 - The EU is preparing its ‘Action Plan’ to address structural racism in Europe. With digital high on the EU’s legislative agenda, it’s time we tackle racism perpetuated by technology, writes Sarah Chander.
 · biometrics · black-struggle · digital-services-act · eu · facial-recognition · law-enforcement · predictive-policing · racist-technology · surveillance

www.bitsoffreedom.nl > Lotte Houwing
De minister zet een horizontale streep door gezichtsherkenning
4 mar. 2021 - De minister voor rechtsbescherming Sander Dekker geeft duidelijkheid over de regels die gaan over de inzet van gezichtsherkenning door burgers, bedrijven en private organisaties in Nederland. En dat ziet er in het kort zo uit: “De AVG (Europese wetgeving die onze gegevens beschermt) biedt zeer weinig ruimte om gezichtsherkenning in te zetten”.
 · facial-recognition · netherlands

points.datasociety.net > Emanuel Moss and Jacob Metcalf
Looking for Race in Tech Company Ethics
22 sep. 2020 - This blog post expands on Metcalf and Moss’s report Ethics Owners: A New Model of Organizational Responsibility in Data-Driven Technology Companies. At the bottom, you’ll find a resource list for those interested in diving more into the intersection of race, ethics, and technology.
 · amazon · black-struggle · diversity · ethics · facial-recognition · law-enforcement · organizational-ethics · platforms · racist-technology · rekognition · silicon-valley

www.oneworld.nl > Florentijn van Rootselaar
Hoe Nederland A.I. inzet voor etnisch profileren
14 jan. 2021 - China dat kunstmatige intelligentie inzet om Oeigoeren te onderdrukken: klinkt als een ver-van-je-bed-show? Ook Nederland (ver)volgt specifieke bevolkingsgroepen met algoritmes. Zoals in Roermond, waar camera's alarm slaan bij auto's met een Oost-Europees nummerbord.
 · algorithmic-bias · artificial-intelligence · china · dna · ethnic-profiling · facial-recognition · false-positives · netherlands · predictive-policing · racist-technology

www.eff.org > Jason Kelley
Face Surveillance and the Capitol Attack
12 jan. 2021 - After last week’s violent attack on the Capitol, law enforcement is working overtime to identify the perpetrators. This is critical to accountability for the attempted insurrection. Law enforcement has many, many tools at their disposal to do this, especially given the very public nature of most of the organizing. But we object to one method reportedly being used to determine who was involved: law enforcement using facial recognition technologies to compare photos of unidentified individuals from the Capitol attack to databases of photos of known individuals. There are just too many risks and problems in this approach, both technically and legally, to justify its use.
 · facial-recognition · not-read

open.spotify.com
Programmed Racism - Global Digital Cultures
24 nov. 2020 - This episode is part of the GDC Webinar series that took place on september 2020. How do digital technologies mediate racism? It is increasingly clear that digital technologies, including auto-complete function, facial recognition, and profiling tools are not neutral but racialized in specific ways. This webinar focuses on the different modes of programmed racism. We present historical and contemporary examples of racial bias in computational systems and learn about the potential of Civic AI. We discuss the need for a global perspective and postcolonial approaches to computation and discrimination. What research agenda is needed to address current problems and inequalities? Chair: Lonneke van der Velden, University of Amsterdam Speakers: Sennay Ghebreab,  Associate Professor of informatics, University of Amsterdam and Scientific Director of the Civic AI Lab, for civic-centered and community minded design, development and development of AI Linnet Taylor, Associate Professor at the Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology, and Society (TILT), PI of the ERC-funded Global Data Justice Project. Payal Arora, Professor and Chair in Technology, Values, and Global Media Cultures at the Erasmus School of Philosophy, Erasmus University Rotterdam and Author of the ‘Next Billion Users’ with Harvard Press.
 · algorithmic-bias · facial-recognition · not-read · racist-technology

www.nytimes.com > Kashmir Hill
Designed to Deceive: Do These People Look Real to You?
21 nov. 2020 - The people in this story may look familiar, like ones you’ve seen on Facebook or Twitter or Tinder. But they don’t exist. They were born from the mind of a computer, and the technology behind them is improving at a startling pace.
 · artificial-intelligence · black-struggle · deepfakes · diversity · facial-recognition · gender · generative-adversarial-networks · project-hva · racist-technology

www.vn.nl > Sennay Ghebreab
Ja, gezichtsherkenningstechnologie discrimineert - maar een verbod is niet de oplossing
5 oct. 2020 - Zoals de dood van George Floyd leidde tot wereldwijde protesten, zo deed de vooringenomen beeldverwerkingstechnologie PULSE dat in de wetenschappelijke wereld. Er werd opgeroepen tot een verbod, maar neuro-informaticus Sennay Ghebreab vraagt zich af of een digitale beeldenstorm het probleem oplost.
 · abolition · algorithmic-bias · amazon · artificial-intelligence · black-struggle · brain-reading · facial-recognition · false-positives · ibm · pulse · racist-technology · rekognition

thecorrespondent.com > Felix Light, Francesca Musiani, Jenny Lee and Morgan Meaker
Why is Covid-19 surveillance tech welcomed in some countries but rejected in others?
17 sep. 2020 - Moscow’s high-tech battle against the pandemic turned into a public health disaster, but there was no protest. In France, there was widespread resistance to coronavirus tracking tech, but South Koreans gave up some privacy to prevent widespread lockdown. Why do some countries reject corona surveillance tech more than others?
 · collectivism · corruption · covid-19 · covid-19-apps · drones · facial-recognition · france · gay-rights · mers · privacy · resistance · russia · smart-cities · south-korea · surveillance

thecorrespondent.com > Morgan Meaker
The eerie similarities between protest and pandemic tracking
3 aug. 2020 - Morgan here, again. In this edition of the Track(ed) Together newsletter, I’m thinking about the US city of Portland, where the surveillance tech deployed against anti-racism protesters has some sinister similarities with the tools used to curb the coronavirus. Read on to find out why and learn about one man’s proposal to ring-fence some of the most personal areas of our lives from artificial intelligence.
 · covid-19 · drones · facial-recognition · freedom-of-protest · surveillance

edri.org > Ella Jakubowska
IBM’s facial recognition: the solution cannot be left to companies
17 jul. 2020 - EDRi has addressed IBM in a letter, asking for clarifications. The company's response suggests that IBM’s motivation is driven by public relations and not fundamental rights. On 8 June 2020, IBM’s CEO announced to the US Congress that – on the grounds of “justice and racial equity” – the company would “sunset” its “general purpose” facial recognition technologies.
 · facial-recognition · ibm

www.forbes.com > Thomas Brewster
Inside America’s Secretive $2 Billion Research Hub Collecting Fingerprints From Facebook, Hacking Smartwatches And Fighting Covid-19
13 jul. 2020 - Mitre Corp runs some of the U.S. government's most hush-hush science and tech labs. The cloak-and-dagger R&D shop might just be the most important organization you've never heard of.
 · biometrics · covid-19 · cybersecurity · facebook · facial-recognition · fbi · fingerprinting · hacking · mitre-corp · smartwatches · twitter · united-states