Tag: justice

26 links

www.trouw.nl > Wilfred van de Poll
De sociale advocatuur is uitgehold, de behoefte eraan juist gegroeid: ‘De menselijke maat? Niet bij de IND’
9 feb. 2021 - De sociale advocatuur is uitgehold in twintig jaar tijd, zeggen de sociaal advocaten van AK Oost. Met kunst- en vliegwerk houden ze hun praktijk draaiende. En hun cliënten, die hebben het nog moeilijker. ‘Voor mensen aan de onderkant pakken bureaucratisering en juridisering dramatisch uit.’
 · due-process · inequality · justice · netherlands · social-law

Design Justice Network
The Design Justice Network is an international community of people and organizations who are committed to rethinking design processes so that they center people who are too often marginalized by design. We work according to a set of principles that were generated and collaboratively edited by our network.
 · design · justice

www.groene.nl > Annerie Smolders and Margreet Fogteloo
Hoe een gesloten kaste van strafpleiters omgaat met ethische dilemma’s
9 sep. 2020 - Een jaar na de moord op Derk Wiersum staat de positie van strafadvocaten vol in de schijnwerpers. Waar ligt de grens van hun gekoesterde partijdigheid als zij verdachten uit de onderwereld verdedigen? Hoe gaan zij om met de druk van dit type cliënten? Een zoektocht naar ethische dilemma’s in de strafadvocatuur.
 · criminal-law · due-process · ethics · justice · lawyers · marengo-process

philosophicaldisquisitions.blogspot.com > John Danaher
AI and the Value Alignment Problem
23 dec. 2020 - How do we make sure that an AI does the right thing? How could we do this when we ourselves don't even agree on what the right thing might be? In this episode, I talk to Iason Gabriel about these questions. Iason is a political theorist and ethicist currently working as a Research Scientist at DeepMind. His research focuses on the moral questions raised by artificial intelligence. His recent work addresses the challenge of value alignment, responsible innovation, and human rights. He has also been a prominent contributor to the debate about the ethics of effective altruism.
 · ai-ethics · artificial-intelligence · ethics · justice

Our JUST AI programme is a network of researchers and practitioners, led by Dr Alison Powell from LSE, established in partnership with the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC). The humanities-led network will build on research in AI ethics, orienting it around practical issues of social justice, distribution, governance and design, and seek to inform the development of policy and practice.
 · data-justice · justice · project-hva · responsible-ai

www.nybooks.com > Robert Kuttner
Can We Fix Capitalism?
24 sep. 2020 - For enthusiasts of capitalism, democracy and the market are said to be handmaidens. Both depend on the rule of law. Both express aspects of liberty, prizing opportunity and mobility. During the era of classical liberalism, which began in the late eighteenth century, free commerce and political freedom advanced in tandem. Monarchies gave way to republican rule; open markets replaced royal monopolies and inherited privileges. For about a century the franchise gradually expanded, and markets became the primary mode of commerce. The brand of democratic capitalism that emerged in the West after World War II included not just those earlier hallmarks but such liberal values as tolerance, compromise, and enlarged civic participation, as well as regulatory and social welfare policies to buffer the less savory tendencies of markets. Modern capitalism reflected a grand social bargain.
 · autocracy · capitalism · china · citizenship · democracy · free-trade · globalization · inequality · john-rawls · justice · liberalism · poverty · rule-of-law · russia · united-states

www.kevindorst.com > Brian Hedden
How (Not) to Test for Algorithmic Bias
Predictive and decision-making algorithms are playing an increasingly prominent role in our lives. They help determine what ads we see on social media, where police are deployed, who will be given a loan or a job, and whether someone will be released on bail or granted parole. Part of this is due to the recent rise of machine learning. But some algorithms are relatively simple and don’t involve any AI or ‘deep learning.’
 · algorithmic-bias · black-struggle · compas · fairness · justice · philosophy · polarization · project-hva · racist-technology

www.nybooks.com > José Manuel Prieto
The Battle Over the Cuban Five
24 sep. 2020 - On September 12, 1998, ten alleged Cuban spies from the group known as La Red Avispa (the Wasp Network) were arrested in South Florida by the FBI during an early-morning raid. They were charged with conspiracy to commit crimes against the United States, conspiracy to commit espionage, and acting as unregistered agents of a foreign government. Half of the accused cooperated with the district attorney’s office and received reduced sentences. The others—Gerardo Hernández, Ramón Labañino, Antonio Guerrero, Fernando González, and René González, who came to be known as the Cuban Five—denied the accusations. The saga of their imprisonment, trial, and release is the subject of North of Havana by Martin Garbus, the renowned civil rights attorney who joined the case in 2012, after the death of the Cuban Five’s lawyer, Garbus’s longtime friend Leonard Weinglass.
 · cuba · justice · special-period · spying · united-states

www.nybooks.com > Michelle Kuo
What Replaces Prisons?
20 aug. 2020 - Sociologists tend to agree that the threat of harsh prison conditions or lengthy sentences doesn’t act as a deterrent to crime. Studies are particularly decisive on the issue of juvenile crime, showing that prisons effectively serve as “schools” in which young people become criminals. In many states, up to 80 percent will be rearrested within three years of getting out of jail. What would a world with a vastly reduced reliance on prisons and police look like?
 · australia · black-struggle · justice · new-zealand · prison-reform · prisons · restorative-justice · south-africa · united-states

dailynous.com > Amanda Askell, Annette Zimmermann, C. Thi Nguyen, Carlos Montemayor, David Chalmers, GPT-3, Henry Shevlin, Justin Khoo, Regina Rini and Shannon Vallor
Philosophers On GPT-3 (updated with replies by GPT-3)
30 jul. 2020 - Nine philosophers explore the various issues and questions raised by the newly released language model, GPT-3, in this edition of Philosophers On.
 · algorithmic-art · algorithmic-bias · art · artificial-intelligence · chat-bots · consciousness · disinformation · freedom-of-speech · gpt-3 · justice · language · philosophy · plagiarism · racist-technology

www.groene.nl > Warda El-Kaddouri
Volgens Olivia Rutazibwa moet het Westen zijn schuld bij het zuiden nu eindelijk inlossen
8 jul. 2020 - Volgens de Belgisch-Rwandese politicoloog Olivia Rutazibwa is ontwikkelingssamenwerking een voortzetting van het koloniale systeem en daarom gedoemd om te blijven falen. Het zuiden heeft geen ‘hulp’ nodig, maar ‘herstel’.
 · capitalism · debt · decolonization · developmental-aid · haiti · inequality · justice · netherlands · reparations · rwanda · solidarity · white-mans-burden

www.eurozine.com > Evgeny Morozov
Digital socialism
21 feb. 2020 - The great social democratic achievements of the twentieth century were in institutional innovation. By engaging with the risks posed to democracy by Big Tech, social democracy can both revive this tradition and reimagine its role.
 · antitrust · artificial-intelligence · capitalism · digital-socialism · inequality · infrastructure · institutions · justice · liberalism · libraries · neoliberalism · regulation · solidarity