Tag: united-states

143 links

www.electrospaces.net
The telephone contacts of president George W. Bush
3 mar. 2021 - Always wanted to know who are on the contact list of the President of the United States? In the George W. Bush Presidential Library one can see the telephone from the president's desk in the Oval Office with a clear view of all the speed dial buttons from the final years of the Bush presidency. Here I will tell a bit more about this special telephone set, followed by a list and a short discussion of all the contacts behind the over 40 speed dial buttons. Finally, the phone used by president Bush is compared with the one from the first years of Barack Obama.
 · communication · security · united-states

decorrespondent.nl > Ruben Mersch
Coronavaccins zijn te belangrijk om aan een handvol farmaceuten over te laten
26 feb. 2021 - Zo snel mogelijk iedereen vaccineren. Dat is de enige uitweg uit de coronacrisis. Maar vanwege internationale patentwetten worden er veel minder vaccins geproduceerd dan zou kunnen. De volksgezondheid zou zwaarder moeten wegen dan de belangen van een handvol farmaceuten.
 · big-pharma · brazil · covid-19 · healthcare · hiv-aids · india · intellectual-property · patents · public-goods · south-africa · united-states · vaccination

www.thisiscolossal.com > Grace Ebert
Rael San Fratello’s Pink Teeter-Totters at the U.S.-Mexico Border Win Beazley Design of the Year
19 jan. 2021 - The three neon pink seesaws that slotted through the U.S.-Mexico border were just named the 2020 Beazley Design of the Year. Conceived by Oakland-based artists Ronald Rael and Virginia San Fratello (previously), the playful, subversive project was installed in July 2019 between El Paso, Texas, and Ciudad Juárez and physically connected the two communities despite the 20-foot barrier. The prestigious, annual award comes from London’s Design Museum.
 · art · design · immigration · mexico · united-states

kieranhealy.org > Kieran Healy
What Happened?
8 jan. 2021 - I don’t know what happened. But here’s my current theory of what the White House thought was going to happen. I don’t have any more information than you do, and here I’m not concerned with the broader question of how the country came to this end. I am just trying to make sense of what happened on Wednesday.
 · coups · mob-rule · united-states · us-2020-elections

www.zephoria.org > danah boyd
The US Federal Government Needs a VP of Engineering, not a CTO
16 dec. 2020 - If you look at the roster of the Biden-Harris transition team, it’s quickly apparent that the incoming administration is tech-forward. Given the systematic dismantlement of the federal government over the last four years, and the significant logistical and scientific needs underpinning a large-scale vaccine roll-out, it is unsurprising to hear that the new team is looking to bring in tech talent. Under the Obama Administration, the White House invested significantly in shoring up the Office of Science and Technology Policy, an office that has for all intents and purposes laid dormant for four years under the current Administration. The Obama Administration also hired the first Chief Technology Officer (CTO) to help envision what a tech-forward US government might look like. As the Biden-Harris transition builds its plans for January 20th, many people in my networks are abuzz, wondering who might be the next CTO.
 · diversity · human-resources · politics · procurement · solutionism · technology · united-states

decorrespondent.nl > Evgeny Morozov
Tegen dit verhaal over 5G kan geen samenzweringstheorie op
24 oct. 2020 - Amerika gaat de strijd aan met 5G-bouwer Huawei en andere Chinese technologiebedrijven. China’s antwoord: technologie bouwen die losstaat van de VS. En juist dat kan ervoor zorgen dat China technologisch veel geavanceerder en onafhankelijker uit deze handelsoorlog komt.
 · 5g · artificial-intelligence · china · de-americanization · dual-circulation · eu · export-controls · huawei · intellectual-property · nsa · patents · standardization · trade-wars · united-states

www.theverge.com > Josh Dzieza
Inside Foxconn’s empty buildings, empty factories, and empty promises in Wisconsin
19 oct. 2020 - In 2017, then-Governor Scott Walker and President Trump announced a historic deal with Foxconn to bring manufacturing jobs to Wisconsin. But none of the jobs, buildings, or promises have been fulfilled—and look like they never will. The Verge’s Josh Dzieza investigates two years of what happened behind the scenes at Foxconn in Wisconsin.
 · foxconn · not-read · united-states

www.nybooks.com > James Gleick
Simulating Democracy
8 oct. 2020 - Jill Lepore is a brilliant and prolific historian with an eye for unusual and revealing stories, and her new book If Then: How the Simulmatics Corporation Invented the Future is a remarkable saga, sometimes comical, sometimes ominous: a “shadow history of the 1960s,” as she writes, because Simulmatics stumbled through the decade as a bit player, onstage for the Vietnam War, the civil rights movement, the Great Society, the riots and protests. It began with grand ambitions to invent a new kind of predictive behavioral science, in a research environment increasingly tied to a rising defense establishment amid the anxiety of the cold war. It ended ignominiously, in embarrassment and bankruptcy.
 · advertising · algorithmic-regulation · behavioral-modeling · cambridge-analytica · cybernetics · disinformation · elections · facebook · feedback-loops · profiling · simulmatics · targeting · united-states · vietnam · weather-forecasting

www.nybooks.com > Robert Kuttner
Can We Fix Capitalism?
24 sep. 2020 - For enthusiasts of capitalism, democracy and the market are said to be handmaidens. Both depend on the rule of law. Both express aspects of liberty, prizing opportunity and mobility. During the era of classical liberalism, which began in the late eighteenth century, free commerce and political freedom advanced in tandem. Monarchies gave way to republican rule; open markets replaced royal monopolies and inherited privileges. For about a century the franchise gradually expanded, and markets became the primary mode of commerce. The brand of democratic capitalism that emerged in the West after World War II included not just those earlier hallmarks but such liberal values as tolerance, compromise, and enlarged civic participation, as well as regulatory and social welfare policies to buffer the less savory tendencies of markets. Modern capitalism reflected a grand social bargain.
 · autocracy · capitalism · china · citizenship · democracy · free-trade · globalization · inequality · john-rawls · justice · liberalism · poverty · rule-of-law · russia · united-states

www.nybooks.com > José Manuel Prieto
The Battle Over the Cuban Five
24 sep. 2020 - On September 12, 1998, ten alleged Cuban spies from the group known as La Red Avispa (the Wasp Network) were arrested in South Florida by the FBI during an early-morning raid. They were charged with conspiracy to commit crimes against the United States, conspiracy to commit espionage, and acting as unregistered agents of a foreign government. Half of the accused cooperated with the district attorney’s office and received reduced sentences. The others—Gerardo Hernández, Ramón Labañino, Antonio Guerrero, Fernando González, and René González, who came to be known as the Cuban Five—denied the accusations. The saga of their imprisonment, trial, and release is the subject of North of Havana by Martin Garbus, the renowned civil rights attorney who joined the case in 2012, after the death of the Cuban Five’s lawyer, Garbus’s longtime friend Leonard Weinglass.
 · cuba · justice · special-period · spying · united-states

www.thisiscolossal.com > Grace Ebert
Shelters of People Experiencing Houselessness Are Photographed within Affluent Residences to Demonstrate Inequality
24 sep. 2020 - Whether opulent or minimalist in style, the houses that Jana Sophia Nolle photographs are displays of wealth. Plush rugs cover hardwood, hardback editions line built-in bookshelves, and tall windows reach from floor to ceiling. Even the stark rooms with few sculptures and seats signify a choice, rather than a necessity, and demonstrate the ability to furnish a room with just significant objects.
 · art · homeless · inequality · united-states

newleftreview.org > Robert Brenner
Escalating Plunder
22 jun. 2020 - In the US, amid soaring unemployment, loss of health insurance and rising poverty, a $4 trillion hand-out to capital, with Biden’s party and Trump’s shoulder to shoulder. Robert Brenner analyses the Covid-19 bailout in the broader context of a faltering productive economy and growing elite predation.
 · bailout · not-read · united-states

decorrespondent.nl > Lennart Hofman
Dit boek is een Chinees masterplan om het Westen te verslaan. Toch is de ophef erover overdreven
23 sep. 2020 - In Unrestricted Warfare (1999) beschrijven twee Chinese kolonels hoe de VS en hun bondgenoten door middel van een ‘onbegrensde oorlog’ kunnen worden verslagen. Tegenwoordig wordt het boek vooral gebruikt als het bewijs dat China die oorlog al voert. Maar die interpretatie zegt misschien wel meer over het Westen dan over China.
 · china · united-states · war

www.aclu.org > Ellis Cose
The Short Life and Curious Death of Free Speech in America
21 sep. 2020 - No one expected their words to be enlightening or their tone harmonious. Hatred rarely comes in such flavors. It spills out as an ugly, incoherent mess infused with the rotten odor of willful ignorance. And so it was with the Nazi wannabes — self-styled white supremacists determined to make their mark on the world, committed to convincing anyone who might listen that their superiority was both evident and inevitable.
 · black-struggle · freedom-of-speech · propaganda · terrorism · united-states · white-nationalism

www.nybooks.com > Fintan O’Toole
Night and Day
24 sep. 2020 - The grammar of American presidential elections is, for obvious reasons, Christian. The other party’s candidate is mired in sin and error; ours will bring redemption and salvation. But not this time. Joe Biden is a devout Catholic, yet the shape of his speech accepting the Democratic Party’s nomination at its virtual convention was based on the cosmogony of one of Christianity’s great early rivals, Manichaeanism.
 · body-language · manichaeanism · united-states · us-2020-elections

www.nybooks.com > Jay Caspian Kang
Ball Don’t Lie
27 aug. 2020 - For its non-Black, liberal fans, basketball exists in a sort of triple consciousness. They love basketball in part because it allows them access to Blackness. This, however, comes with guilt and discomfort, which gets processed into a monolithic and easily accessible politics of what these days is called “allyship,” which then needs to be codified and rubberstamped by the esteemed white men who know the players the best. Gregg Popovich and Steve Kerr serve as models for white allies. Underlying all this is a pressing need to understand Black people.
 · activism · advertising · basketball · black-culture · black-struggle · boxing · nike · power · sports · united-states

www.eff.org > Matthew Guariglia
Technology Can’t Predict Crime, It Can Only Weaponize Proximity to Policing
3 sep. 2020 - In June 2020, Santa Cruz, California became the first city in the United States to ban municipal use of predictive policing, a method of deploying law enforcement resources according to data-driven analytics that supposedly are able to predict perpetrators, victims, or locations of future crimes. Especially interesting is that Santa Cruz was one of the first cities in the country to experiment with the technology when it piloted, and then adopted, a predictive policing program in 2011. That program used historic and current crime data to break down some areas of the city into 500 foot by 500 foot blocks in order to pinpoint locations that were likely to be the scene of future crimes. However, after nine years, the city council voted unanimously to ban it over fears of how it perpetuated racial inequality.
 · black-struggle · predictive-policing · racist-technology · united-states

www.nybooks.com > Michael Pollan
The Sickness in Our Food Supply
12 may. 2020 - “Only when the tide goes out,” Warren Buffett observed, “do you discover who’s been swimming naked.” For our society, the Covid-19 pandemic represents an ebb tide of historic proportions, one that is laying bare vulnerabilities and inequities that in normal times have gone undiscovered. Nowhere is this more evident than in the American food system. A series of shocks has exposed weak links in our food chain that threaten to leave grocery shelves as patchy and unpredictable as those in the former Soviet bloc. The very system that made possible the bounty of the American supermarket—its vaunted efficiency and ability to “pile it high and sell it cheap”—suddenly seems questionable, if not misguided. But the problems the novel coronavirus has revealed are not limited to the way we produce and distribute food.
 · animal-rights · bio-industry · covid-19 · food · going-local · united-states

www.nybooks.com > Darryl Pinckney
‘We Must Act Out Our Freedom’
20 aug. 2020 - I will look for you in the stories of new kings. Juneteenth isn’t mentioned in the writings of W.E.B. Du Bois or Carter Woodson, the founder of The Journal of Negro History. I haven’t yet come across a description of the first Juneteenth celebrations equivalent to Colonel Thomas Wentworth Higginson’s report of the ceremonies for the Emancipation Proclamation as it was read aloud on Port Royal Island, South Carolina, on New Year’s Day, 1863. Black troops, white commanders, white clergymen, white women schoolteachers, black women schoolteachers, and the formerly enslaved turned resisters gathered at the sober campground to ratify in their hearts the next covenant of the Republic.
 · black-struggle · covid-19 · inequality · police-violence · reparations · slavery · united-states

www.nybooks.com > David Luban
America the Unaccountable
20 aug. 2020 - The Trump administration has declared war on the International Criminal Court—the world’s only permanent court whose mandate is to pursue cases of genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity. President Trump issued an executive order on June 11 that authorizes severe sanctions on ICC employees, as well as the court itself, if it goes forward with planned investigations of alleged war crimes by the US or its allies. (Though not named in the order, Israel is the sole US ally now under ICC scrutiny that fits its terms.)
 · afghanistan · international-criminal-court · israel · palestina · torture · united-states

www.nybooks.com > Michelle Kuo
What Replaces Prisons?
20 aug. 2020 - Sociologists tend to agree that the threat of harsh prison conditions or lengthy sentences doesn’t act as a deterrent to crime. Studies are particularly decisive on the issue of juvenile crime, showing that prisons effectively serve as “schools” in which young people become criminals. In many states, up to 80 percent will be rearrested within three years of getting out of jail. What would a world with a vastly reduced reliance on prisons and police look like?
 · australia · black-struggle · justice · new-zealand · prison-reform · prisons · restorative-justice · south-africa · united-states

www.nybooks.com > David Cole
The Court’s Declarations of Independence
20 aug. 2020 - When the Supreme Court’s 2019–2020 term opened last October, with LGBTQ discrimination, gun rights, abortion, immigration, and state funding of religious schools on the docket, it promised to be both controversial and deeply partisan. The Court then added cases on whether President Trump could block Congress and a grand jury from obtaining his personal financial records, and whether employers who objected to contraception on religious grounds could refuse to provide their employees with insurance that paid for it. This was Justice Brett Kavanaugh’s second term on the Court, and it afforded a real test of how his replacement of the more moderate Anthony Kennedy would alter the Court’s character. Republicans, who had long made picking “reliable” conservative justices a priority, were eager to reap their rewards.
 · abortion-rights · gay-rights · united-states · us-supreme-court

www.nybooks.com > Fara Dabhoiwala
Speech and Slavery in the West Indies
20 aug. 2020 - Slavery was foundational to Britain’s prosperity and rise to global power. Throughout the eighteenth century the empire’s epicenter lay not in North America, Africa, or India but in a handful of small sugar-producing Caribbean islands. The two most important—tiny Barbados and its larger, distant neighbor Jamaica—were among the most profitable places on earth. On the eve of the American Revolution, the nominal wealth of an average white person was £42 in England and £60 in North America. In Jamaica, it was £2,200. Immense fortunes were made there and poured unceasingly back to Britain.
 · caribbean · freedom-of-speech · haiti · jamaica · slavery · united-kingdom · united-states

www.nybooks.com > Jessica T. Mathews
The New Nuclear Threat
22 jul. 2020 - The deployed nuclear arsenals of the US and Russia have been reduced by nearly 90 percent, but we are not safer today—quite the reverse. After decades of building just enough weapons to deter attack, China is now aggressively modernizing and enlarging its small nuclear arsenal. Russia and the US are modernizing theirs as well with entire menus of new weapons. Activities in space are enlarging the global battlefield. Advances in missile technology and conventional weapons “entangle” scenarios of nuclear and nonnuclear war, making outcomes highly unpredictable.
 · cold-war · nuclear-war · russia · united-states

www.eff.org > David Greene, Eva Galperin and Kurt Opsahl
TikTok Ban: A Seed of Genuine Security Concern Wrapped in a Thick Layer of Censorship
4 aug. 2020 - It is ironic that, while purporting to protect America from China’s authoritarian government, President Trump is threatening to ban the TikTok app. Censorship of both speech and social media applications, after all, is one of the hallmarks of the Chinese Internet strategy. While there is significant cause for concern with TikTok’s security, privacy, and its relationship with the Chinese government, we should resist a governmental power to ban a popular means of communication and expression.
 · censorship · china · freedom-of-speech · security · tiktok · united-states

science.sciencemag.org > Brian Powers, Christine Vogeli, Sendhil Mullainathan and Ziad Obermeyer
Dissecting racial bias in an algorithm used to manage the health of populations
25 oct. 2019 - The U.S. health care system uses commercial algorithms to guide health decisions. Obermeyer et al. find evidence of racial bias in one widely used algorithm, such that Black patients assigned the same level of risk by the algorithm are sicker than White patients (see the Perspective by Benjamin). The authors estimated that this racial bias reduces the number of Black patients identified for extra care by more than half. Bias occurs because the algorithm uses health costs as a proxy for health needs. Less money is spent on Black patients who have the same level of need, and the algorithm thus falsely concludes that Black patients are healthier than equally sick White patients. Reformulating the algorithm so that it no longer uses costs as a proxy for needs eliminates the racial bias in predicting who needs extra care.
 · algorithmic-bias · healthcare · not-read · racist-technology · united-states

www.eff.org > Dave Maass and Matthew Guariglia
San Francisco Police Accessed Business District Camera Network to Spy on Protestors
27 jul. 2020 - The San Francisco Police Department (SFPD) conducted mass surveillance of protesters at the end of May and in early June using a downtown business district's camera network, according to new records obtained by EFF. The records show that SFPD received real-time live access to hundreds of cameras as well as a "data dump" of camera footage amid the ongoing demonstrations against police violence.
 · police-overreach · surveillance-cameras · united-states

www.forbes.com > Thomas Brewster
Inside America’s Secretive $2 Billion Research Hub Collecting Fingerprints From Facebook, Hacking Smartwatches And Fighting Covid-19
13 jul. 2020 - Mitre Corp runs some of the U.S. government's most hush-hush science and tech labs. The cloak-and-dagger R&D shop might just be the most important organization you've never heard of.
 · biometrics · covid-19 · cybersecurity · facebook · facial-recognition · fbi · fingerprinting · hacking · mitre-corp · smartwatches · twitter · united-states